BEIJING (Reuters) - China said on Monday that coast guard ships had driven away two Philippine vessels which had tried to approach a shoal in the South China Sea in the latest flare-up of a long-running territorial dispute.
The Chinese ships were patrolling waters around Second Thomas Shoal, known in China as the Ren'ai reef, when they spotted the Philippine boats, carrying construction materials and Philippine flags, which left the area after being warned off, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang said.
The incident happened on Sunday, he added.
Qin said that China had repeatedly demanded the Philippines remove a ship which had been grounded on the shoal in 1999, but that Manila had cited technical reasons for being unable to do so.
"This time, the Philippine side has again attempted to start construction on the reef," he told a daily news briefing. "The moves infringed China's sovereignty."
China had no choice but to respond to the Philippines' moves, Qin added.
Manila ran aground an old transport ship on the reef in 1999 to mark its territory, and has stationed marines in abject conditions on the rusting ship.
China's claims over islands, reefs and atolls in resource-rich waters off its south coast and to the east of mainland Southeast Asia have set it directly against Vietnam and the Philippines, while Brunei, Taiwan and Malaysia also lay claim to parts.
The Second Thomas Shoal, a strategic gateway to Reed Bank, believed to be rich in oil and natural gas, is one of several possible flashpoints in the South China Sea that could force the United States to intervene in defense of its Southeast Asian allies.
In 2010, Manila awarded an Anglo-Filipino consortium a license to explore for gas on Reed Bank, but drilling stalled in 2012, because of the presence of Chinese ships.
Manila says Reed Bank, about 80 nautical miles west of Palawan island at the southwestern end of the Philippine archipelago, is within the country's 200-nautical mile exclusive economic zone.
Beijing says it is part of the Spratlys, a group of 250 uninhabitable islets spread over 165,000 square miles, claimed entirely by China, Taiwan and Vietnam and in part by Malaysia, Brunei and the Philippines.
MANILA – While slashing the budget for social services and disaster efforts, the Aquino government and its armed forces have been indulging in a “spending spree” as it rushes to construct and upgrade its military facilities. This is the observation aired by the Communist Party of the Philippine in a statement emailed to the media this Monday March 10. The group slammed the Aquino government for the said spending spree, saying this is not for the Filipino people’s benefit but more to “accommodate the requirements set by the US military for its increased rotational presence” in the Philippines.
“Increased rotational presence” is the euphemism employed by US and Philippine defense officials in calling the constant presence in the country of various US troops, warships and warplanes. They are “rotating” their troops all over the Asia-Pacific, but they are always present in the Philippines every day of the year, with reportedly at least 700 Special Forces at any given time before the US announced its pivot to the Asia-Pacific region. Now there is officially a negotiation between the US and Philippine defense authorities, the purpose of which is to accommodate the increase in number of US troops rotating in the country.
Last Sunday, after concluding the 6th round of talks on this “increased rotational presence” (IRP), the Philippine Department of National Defense (DND) announced that the agreement being ironed out “will allow the sharing of defined areas within certain Armed Forces of the Philippines facilities with elements of the US military on a rotational basis within parameters consistent with the Constitution and laws.”
“Sharing” seems to be another euphemism, too, by which the US and PH defense officials call the US troops’ exclusive use of camps within Philippine military camps.
In a statement to the media last Sunday, DND Undersecretary and chair of the Philippine negotiating panel Pio Lorenzo Batino denied that the framework agreement they are crafting with their American counterparts includes the permanence of US troops or US military basing.
He also said it included provisions on environment safety, as well as “opportunities for potential Philippine suppliers of goods, products and services.” He did not give details.
Cooking PH by its own fat?
Various reports revealed that the Armed Forces of the Philippines is set to spend at least P1 billion (more than $22.5 million) for the construction of a port at Ulugan Bay as well as for the upgrade of facilities at Oyster Bay, both in Palawan.
Oyster Bay lies about 550-km (340 miles) southwest of Manila. Its upgrade is reportedly due to be finished by 2016, and estimated cost would be much more than P500-million or $11.5 million initially earmarked. Last year, Commodore Joseph Rostum O. Peña, commander of PH Western Navy, said Oyster Bay “will be a mini-Subic.”
Subic used to host the largest US military installation in Southeast Asia before it was closed by protests in 1992.
In launching in early 2013 a $1.8-billion Armed Forces Modernization Program, President Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III has revived plans not just to develop Ulugan and Oyster as naval ports but also to build new air and naval bases at Subic Bay.
Last week, on the sidelines of a forum on the 19th anniversary of Philippine Mining Act, an environmentalist leader from the Visayas told Bulatlat.com that as early as 2010, a US corporation, the Millenium Challenge Corp., has started building a road network from Western Samar to Guiuan, Eastern Samar. Guiuan used to be the site of a former US naval depot and air strip during World War II. The World War II “sentimental journey” showcasing US General Douglas McArthur’s “return” is being replayed in the area yearly, and, the anti-mining advocate shared, they also see foreign troops there from time to time.
In Capas, Tarlac, there have been moves to expand the military reservation displacing Aeta communities, Edwin Danan of Central Luzon Aeta Association told Bulatlat.com early this year. In Davao, reports said the US has been searching for an airport for its drones because Mayor Rodrigo Duterte rejected US proposals to convert part of the Davao International Airport as base of its drones.
These are only some of the reported building, upgrading and expansion of military installations, pointing to the likelihood that even as the framework agreement is still being crafted, and its language being discussed to make it “more agreeable,” its implementation seems to have already begun.
Most of the US military aid being coursed to the Philippines are already funding the construction and upgrading of military facilities, some of which are already being used by the US military. Although some Filipino soldiers described it as virtual take-over, where the local armed forces are “treated like dogs,” and the US military seem to enjoy exclusive use of certain facilities, the US-PH military and defense officials continue to refer to the arrangement as “sharing.”
Last year, the US allocated $40 million in military financing to the Philippines. The amount was twice as much as the US aid the previous year.
The CPP said such aid is not helping the country. In fact, “the US is actually saving so much money as its so-called aid, augmented by local funds, are being spent for the needs of US military overseas forces.” The arrangement fits right within the US military’s agenda, as its own crisis has forced it to start a deep and thoroughgoing budget cut for its military, even as it plans to hold on to its global military superiority.
The Philippines is contributing to the spending requirement for the expansion here of US military facilities. In the framework agreement on increased rotational presence of US military here, the drafting of which has already taken six rounds of negotiations as of this week, the language and the setup for the “shared” military facilities have been reported as some of the hardest to craft. How to make the language acceptable to Filipinos have been reported as one of the sources of difficulties, or at least, before supertyphoon Yolanda hit central Philippines.
In the DND and DFA statement after concluding the latest round of talks (6th) on IRP, Batino said “The further exchanges of views have helped pave the way for the formulation of mutually agreeable language.”
But to progressive Filipinos, there is nothing agreeable about euphemisms as they criticized the way the Aquino government and the US used the exigencies of supertyphoon Yolanda to deploy more US troops in Central Philippines.
Last December, after Tacloban City was virtually turned into a US military zone, complete with drones, Gabriela Women Party Rep. Luzviminda Ilagan urged the Aquino administration to disengage from further talks of mutual defense and military cooperation with the United States.
Filing a resolution in Congress on Dec 18 last year, urging for PH withdrawal from framework agreement negotiations with the US, Ilagan explained that “The framework agreement transforms the entire country into a US military base, allowing US troops unrestricted freedom of action, subsequently allowing US military intervention in the country’s internal affairs.”
Not only that, the Philippines is seen as being relegated to the status of just one archipelago of US military bases in the Asia-Pacific, based on the CPP statement this week. They believe that the negotiations on the IRP, the details of which are so far being kept secret from the Filipino people, “are clearly being rushed to have the agreement ready for the upcoming visit of US President Barack Obama this April.”
Another round of IRP negotiations is set for the last week of March.
Pangilinan offers Spratlys to Chinese oil firm in Reed Bank talks
By VERA Files | The Inbox – Tue, Mar 11, 2014.
Business tycoon Manuel Pangilinan offered China’s state-owned oil firm access to the Spratly group of islands in the South China Sea over which the Philippines has a territorial claim, although he had no legal capacity to do so.
Pangilinan, chairman and chief executive officer of Philex Petroleum Corp, offered to include in his discussions with officials of the state-owned China National Offshore Oil Corp. (CNOOC) the Spratlys Islands, even if his company’s contract with the Philippine government is limited to Reed Bank, which is part of Palawan.
Grabe ka Pangilinan.
State-owned China National Offshore Oil Corp. (CNOOC) turned down the offer made by Pangilinan, chairman and chief executive officer of Philex Petroleum Corp, in a meeting on May 2, 2012.